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What is IVF?

IVF, or in vitro fertilisation, is a procedure in which eggs are fertilised with sperm in a laboratory. It was developed 40 years ago for the treatment of women with damaged fallopian tubes, and this remains an important reason for treatment today. However, it is also used in cases where a woman has endometriosis, the male partner has poor quality sperm, or when the cause of infertility is unknown.

Embryos that are created following IVF are then transferred, normally one at a time, into the female partner’s womb to implant and develop. IVF treatment can take place using the patient’s own eggs and sperm or with the use of donor eggs and/or donor sperm. The London Women’s Clinic provides IVF treatment for women and couples struggling to conceive and for same-sex couples and single women using donor sperm. 

How IVF works

The IVF treatment process begins with a course of hormone therapy to stimulate the development of several follicles in the ovary. These eggs are then collected, which are then fertilised to create several embryos. After between two to five days in an incubator, one or sometimes two of these embryos are transferred through the vagina to the uterus, where implantation occurs, and pregnancy begins.

The IVF Process

To explain what happens in an IVF procedure we have divided the IVF process into six stages:

Stage 1:

The ovaries are stimulated with a course of medication to produce eggs. During this period you will attend the clinic for a number of monitoring scans to check the development of your follicles that produce eggs. Once the follicles have reached the correct size, you will be given an injection to mature your eggs ready for collection.

Stage 2:

On the day of egg collection, you will be given a small amount of sedation in preparation for the procedure. A fine needle attached to a scanning probe will be passed through your vagina into each ovary to collect the eggs. On the same day, your male partner will need to produce a semen sample or if you’re using donor sperm this will be thawed ready to be used. 

Stage 3:

Once the eggs have been collected, they will be placed in a dish with the sperm in order for fertilisation to occur. If there is a male factor issue or if the sperm is of poor quality on the day, the embryologist may suggest you use ICSI in which the sperm is injected directly into the egg to aid fertilisation. 

Stage 4:

The day after egg collection, an embryologist will call you to discuss the fertilisation of your eggs and how many embryos you have. In most circumstances, embryos are cultured in the lab for five to six days after egg collection until they reach the blastocyst stage. The embryologist will advise you when your embryo transfer will take place. In some instances, all embryos may be frozen for transfer in a later cycle. Remember, it only takes one quality embryo to facilitate pregnancy.

Stage 5:

The embryo transfer normally takes place five to six days following egg collection once the embryo has reached blastocyst stage. Today, most women will only have one embryo transferred to avoid the risk of multiple pregnancy. The embryo transfer is a simple procedure in which a speculum is inserted into your vagina (similar to a smear test) and a catheter holding the embryo will be inserted into the uterus. 

 

IVF Success Rates

These statistics show our IVF success rates for our individual clinics across the country - those that successfully lead to pregnancy. All pregnancies were confirmed for foetal heartbeat by ultrasound scans.

Under 35

Clinical pregnancy rate

July 2015 - June 2016

National average 36%

35-37

Clinical pregnancy rate

July 2015 - June 2016

National average 31%

38-39

Clinical pregnancy rate (n=<50)

July 2015 - June 2016

National average 24%

40-42

Clinical pregnancy rate (n=<50)

July 2015 - June 2016

National average 18%

Over 42

Clinical pregnancy rate (n=<50)

July 2015 - June 2016

National average 18%

Three Cycle Package

Package completed 2013

All ages

No national average available

Under 35

Clinical pregnancy rate

July 2015 - June 2016

No national average available

35-37

Clinical pregnancy rate (n=<50)

July 2015 - June 2016

No national average available

38-39

Clinical pregnancy rate (n=<50)

July 2015 - June 2016

No national average available

40-42

Clinical pregnancy rate (n=<50)

July 2015 - June 2016

No national average available

Over 42

Clinical pregnancy rate (n=<50)

July 2015 - June 2016

No national average available

Fresh donor eggs

Clinical pregnancy rate (n=<50)

July 2015 - June 2016

National average 44%

Frozen donor eggs

Clinical pregnancy rate (n=<50)

July 2015 - June 2016

No national average available

Under 38

Clinical pregnancy rate

2014-2016

No national average available

All ages

Clinical pregnancy rate

2014-2016

No national average available

Under 38

Clinical pregnancy rate

2014-2016

National average 15% (all ages)

All ages

Clinical pregnancy rate

2014-2016

National average 15% (all ages)

IVF pregnancy

Following the embryo transfer you will need to wait between 12 to 14 days to find out if your treatment has been successful. For most women and couples this two week wait can be an extremely difficult time full of anxiety about whether treatment has worked. The London Women’s Clinic provides counselling and support throughout treatment at the clinic and runs a monthly support group for patients to meet others in a similar situation. 

If your pregnancy test is positive, you should contact the clinic to arrange an early pregnancy scan. If unfortunately, your treatment is unsuccessful we will arrange a review consultation for you to discuss your cycle and any next steps you might like to take. During this time counselling and support will be available should you need it.  

Frozen Embryos

Any good quality spare embryos left over from your treatment cycle can be frozen and stored for future use either if your treatment is unsuccessful or for a sibling. Embryos are stored by removing the fluid from inside the cells before freezing them in liquid nitrogen.

When you are ready to use your frozen embryos, your fertility specialist will plan a Frozen Embryo Transfer with you. Thanks to improvements in the freezing of embryos through a technique called vitrification, success rates using frozen embryos are now as successful as treatment in a fresh IVF cycle.

 

IVF Lite

We offer natural cycle IVF as well as mild stimulation IVF

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Affordable Price Packages

We offer a number of affordable price packages

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